Vertigo /ˈvɜː(ɹ)tɨɡoʊ/ (from the Latin vertō “a whirling or spinning movement”) is a subtype of dizziness in which a patient inappropriately experiences the perception of motion (usually a spinning motion) due to dysfunction of the vestibular system. It is often associated with nausea and vomiting as well as a balance disorder, causing difficulties standing or walking. There are three types of vertigo.