The Chicamocha Canyon is a steep sided canyon carved by the Chicamocha River. This river flows through the departments of Boyaca and Santander, where it reaches its maximum depth near the outskirts of Bucaramanga. The canyon is the result of the erosion caused by water. It created deep cliffs on both sides. The Chicamocha Canyon begins near the town of Soata in the Department of Boyaca and flows mainly through the Department of Santander, extending all the way to the municipality of Lebrija.